A Complete Guide of Annapurna Base Camp Trek

  • May 19, 2024
  • Karna Rana

Annapurna Base Camp (ABC), locally known as Annapurna Sanctuary, is a popular trekking destination in the Annapurna Conservation Area of Nepal. This beautiful journey takes through the verdant hills towards the lab of mighty Annapurna at the height of 4,130m. Located at the heart of Annapurna Massif, the camp shares one of the most beautiful mountainous views from every possible angle.

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Many travelers choose Annapurna Base Camp over Everest Base Camp because it is shorter and relatively more economical. But little do they know, Annapurna has its own characteristics and significance. The trek is all about walking below humongous mountains inside unique flora with a sensational touch of a distinct culture.

The Annapurna Sanctuary Trek is a moderate trek that can be completed in around a week. The days can be extended by adding other alternative routes like Ghorepani Poonhill Trek, and Mardi Himal Trek. Furthermore, the trek can be continued from Annapurna Circuit too. 

In this post, we are going to take a detailed guide to Annapurna Base Camp Stick till the end. 

Looking for Annapurna Base Camp Overview?

Total days              :6-12 days

Total distance        :80km/50mi

The highest point  :4,130m

Permits                 :ACAP permit & TIMS card(optional)

Guide                   :Not mandatory but mandatory after 1st April 2023

Starting point       :Ulleri/Ghandruk

Ending point        :Jhinu Danda


Here is Annapurna Base Camp Highlight

  • The overwhelming view of Annapurna Massif.
  • Discover Gurung and Magar culture.
  • Short and sweet trek of Nepal.
  • Well-managed trail and standard Tea Houses.
  • Lush green forest with diverse flora and Fauna.
  • Sleep at an altitude of 4,100m surrounded by mountains.
  • End the trek with a relaxing natural hot spring.

Here is Annapurna Base Camp Trek Itinerary

Here, we have a brief itinerary of the Annapurna Base Camp trek:







Arrival in Kathmandu





Drive/Fly to Pokhara


6 hrs/30 min



Drive to Ulleri and trek to Ghorepani


4 hrs -  3 hrs

Tea house


Hike to Poonhill and trek to Tadapani

3,210m -


2 hrs / 5 hrs

Tea house


Trek to Chomrong


4-5 hrs

Tea house


Trek to Dovan


5-6 hrs

Tea house


Trek to Deurali


4-5 hrs

Tea house


Trek to ABC


4-5 hrs

Tea house


Trek back to Bamboo


5-6 hrs

Tea house


Trek to Jhinu Danda, enjoy hot spring


4-5 hrs

Tea house


Drive to Pokhara


4 hrs



Drive/fly to Kathmandu


6 hrs/ 30 min



Back to Home




Note: this is a normal itinerary, this trek is quite flexible. It can be optimized and extended according to your day's availability.

Poon Hill Annapurna Base Camp Trek Map:

Annapurna Base Camp Altitude with Chart Show Accending and Descending on the Trip.

Annapurna Base Camp is located at an altitude of 4,130 meters above sea level. Or, 13,550 feet above sea level. Also, which will be the highest point of the trek? Here, we have provided the detailed altitude chart of the ABC trek via Poon Hill:

Are You Curious About Annapurna Base Camp Distance?

From Jhinu Danda to Annapurna Base Camp to again Jhinu Danda is approximately 80 kilometers/ 50 miles. If you want to trek via Ghorepani Poonhill then it can add around 35 kilometers/ 22 miles.

Where is Annapurna Base Camp Located at Map?

Annapurna Base Camp is located inside the Annapurna Conservation Area under the Annapurna Rural Municipality, named after Annapurna Mountain. It is located in the central part of Nepal in the Kaski district of Gandaki Province around 50 kilometers away from Pokhara.

Chhomrong village is the entrance gate of Annapurna Base Camp. The Base Camp lies in the heart of Annapurna Massif. At the height of 4,130 meters above sea level, the campsite has an overwhelming view of snow-capped mountains like Annapurna I, Machhapuchhre, Annapurna South, Annapurna Fang, Tent Peak, Khangsar Kang, Hiunchuli, and many more.

What Permits are Required for Annapurna Base Camp Trek?

Annapurna Base Camp Trek does require permits to trek. The permits required are Annapurna Conservation Area Project (ACAP) Permit and the Trekkers Information Management System (TIMS) Card.

ACAP permit can be obtained from the Nepal Tourism Board, Bhirkuti Mandap. Whereas, TIMS permit is obtained from TAAN Head Office, Ganeshthan Marg. Moreover, both permits can be obtained from Pokhara too.

ACAP permit is mandatory and has several checkpoints throughout the route. While the TIMS permit is optional, nowadays, authorities do not check for those permits.

Looking for the Best time to go to Annapurna Base Camp?

Autumn and Spring seasons are the best to visit Annapurna Base Camp. These seasons are pleasant weather along with clear visibility. Also, it is noted as the high season for trekking.

Autumn is also the festival season of Nepal bringing joy and prosperity. Meanwhile, the spring season covers lush forests with blooming flowers. 
The spring season consists of March, April, and May. The Autumn season runs for three months from September to November. 

The winter season can be favorable for trekking unless it starts snowing. For sure, the temperature goes down more than the average, however, it is the low season with clear weather.

It rains almost every day in the Monsoon season. So, it is not favorable for trekking while all the trails are muddy and wet. Also, there are high chances of getting leech attacks.

What is the Average Temperature of Annapurna Base Camp?

The average temperature of Annapurna Base Camp is around 5°C. Mostly, the base camp is always cold, so you need warm clothes to keep yourself nice and warm.

The lowest temperature recorded is -20°C during the winter season. The warmest temperature was around 15°C in summer. Overall, keep in mind it is always cold.

How Difficult is Annapurna Base Camp?

To be honest, trekking in Nepal does not come easy. However, Annapurna Base Camp is a moderate-level trek that anyone can enjoy effortlessly.
The trails are well-managed along with good accommodation and food service. Furthermore, Annapurna Sanctuary has less risk of landslides and avalanches which makes it the safest place to trek.

Is Annapurna Base Camp Suitable for Beginners?

As the highest point is around 4,130 meters, there is less chance of getting altitude sickness. Which also makes the trail the perfect choice to begin for beginners. We have tips for beginner trekkers. Make sure to check them.

As mentioned above, Annapurna Base Camp is a moderate trek. This trek is not strenuous like other trekking routes. But, if you are a beginner you should be physically fit to be able to walk 5-6 hours every day. 

How to Prevent Altitude Sickness during the ABC Trek?

Altitude sickness, known as Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS), is a sickness that usually occurs at high altitudes due to low oxygen levels and low atmospheric pressure. The symptoms of altitude sickness are headache, loss of appetite, nausea, fatigue, and so on. 

Annapurna Sanctuary does not take to high altitudes like other trekking routes but should be concerned about altitude sickness. Most trekkers can still digest high altitudes but prevention is better than cure.

Good news! Altitude sickness can be prevented. The best way to fight back is acclimatization. Eat enough carbohydrates and stay hydrated. In case you are not feeling good, you can take Diamox tablets too.

What Kind of Transportation Do We Expect During Annapurna Base Camp Trek?

The primary means of transportation to Annapurna Base Camp is ground transportation. Recently, roads have reached various villages in the Annapurna region. Due to delayed development, half of the roads are not pitched yet.

The roads are connected to some famous villages like Ulleri, Ghandruk, Jhinu Danda, and Ghorepani. Ghandruk and Jhinu Danda have been great spots to start the Annapurna base camp trek. It is usually a 4-5 hour ride from Pokhara.

There are plenty of public buses and jeeps from Pokhara. Which buses are cheaper options than jeeps? They leave at different time intervals but most of them in the morning. Also, you can reserve a jeep for the fastest and most convenient ride. You can catch buses from Baglung Buspark and Jeeps from Hari Chowk of Pokhara.
The last option to reach ABC is through the direct helicopter ride. Annapurna Base Camp Helicopter tour is also one of the most famous tours in the wilderness. It is the quickest as well as easiest way to ABC.

What Type of Accommodation Expetation in Annapurna Base Camp Trek?

Annapurna Base Camp is a tourist destination and is more focused on the satisfaction of tourists. The tea houses and lodges are at the top knot in terms of design and services. Surprisingly, almost every tea house is clean and well-sanitized.

But, in upper settlements like  ABC, Machhapuchhre Base Camp, etc the tea houses are at a basic level. Also, the rooms are in the dormitory system. However, throughout the year the level of tea houses is growing rapidly. 

Besides that, in other places, you can wisely choose a tea house with your preference. Most of the rooms are twin rooms with clean bed sheets and blankets. You can even get a room with an attached toilet.

Here is the name of the tea houses en route to Annapurna base camp with their phone number respectively.

What Kind of Food and Beverages are Available in Annapurna Base Camp Trek?

Food and Beverages are found in every tea house and lodge. As the accommodation is top-notch, the food is also very delicious and all organic and fresh. You might be surprised by the menu and food availability. Likewise, there are plenty to choose from for hot and cold beverages.

All of the lodges and tea houses serve local foods along with some continental foods too. And always be ready to fill your hunger with “Dal Bhat”.
Talking about beverages, you can choose alcoholic and nonalcoholic drinks. Don’t forget to try the local wine “Raksi” on your way to Annapurna Base Camp. Every food and beverage is more expensive than in the city area due to remoteness and inaccessible transportation.

Meat is not allowed after crossing Dovan. So, if you are carrying any meat snacks in your backpack, make sure to leave them at any camp before Dovan. It is believed that Annapurna is a sacred place and meat is not accepted by God or anything bad will happen if you do so.

Are Electricity and Internet Available in Annapurna Base Camp Trek?

Electricity is available throughout the route even in ABC. Nowadays, tea houses do not charge money for charging devices. Also, charging plugs are available in every room.

But in upper settlements charge ports are only available in the dining hall. Therefore, you might stay in the queue to charge your devices. It is better to carry a power bank just in case.

Likewise, Wifi is available all around the route. Tea houses charge USD1-USD4 depending on the place you are staying. It is not fast enough because everyone will be using the same wifi but it is ready to go.

Is any mobile network available in Annapurna Base Camp Trek?

Yes, Nepal Telecom and Ncell have nice connectivity all around the trail. But, sometimes the network does not work during harsh weather. 

Explore the ABC Trek Throughout the Video

Is Annapurna Base Camp Trek Cost Affordable?

Trekking at Annapurna Base Camp is not as expensive as Everest Base Camp Trek. But it does not come cheap either. With the perfect budget planning, it can be a lifetime experience. 
Talking about food, the most expensive item is Dal Bhat which can cost USD 6 which is NPR 750. That means a three-time meal can cost USD 18 on food. Also, the expensive beverage can cost around USD 2 which means USD 6 per day. At maximum, you will spend around USD 25 per day on food and beverages.
Room charges depend upon a couple of factors: the level of tea houses and the type of room(common and attached). It can cost between USD 4 - and USD 9. Also, other expenses are wifi, hot shower, and so on.

Furthermore, the hiring guide and porter can add USD 30 - USD 40 to your bill. On top of that, a permit for ACAP costs NPR 3,000, which is around USD 25. In addition, TIMS cost NPR 2000 i.e. USD 18.

In a nutshell, if you spend your money wisely, you can enjoy a whole day between USD 30 - USD 35. In such a price range you can barely get a meal in Switzerland.

Annapurna Base Camp Complete Package

The Annapurna Base Camp Trek package is the exclusive service package provided by the travel agent to make your trip effortless and convenient. There are various local and international travel agents to choose from.

The package includes a three-time meal with any hot beverage along with room charges. All the wages of the guide and porter with their food expenses too. All the transportation services are included. Also, hotel services in Kathmandu and Pokhara. 
As mentioned above, the main aim of the package is to enjoy your trek with the best services without any headaches. If you are in search of a trustworthy local agency then, you are at the right place. Just a minute and check our Annapurna Base Camp Trek Package.

Are guides and Porters needed for the Annapurna Base Camp Trek?

Not really, guides and porters are not required to trek to Annapurna Base Camp. Anyone can travel in the Annapurna region without an extra helping hand. It is a paradise for solo travelers. 

However, hiring a guide and porter is highly recommended. You can understand the culture and history of Nepal even better. In addition, a porter can help to carry all your stuff. According to the Nepal Tourism Board, “Trekkers are Mandatory Hiring a Guide after 1st April 2023”. 

What should you pack for Annapurna Base Camp trekking?

Remember a light backpack with all essential gear and equipment is the key to unlocking a successful trek. Your backpack should have everything important but don’t overdo it. 

Here, we have a packing list for Annapurna Base Camp Trek:

  1. Down jacket.
  2. Rain jackets.
  3. Hiking pants.
  4. Bunch of T-shirts.
  5. Hiking boots.
  6. A pair of sneakers.
  7. Thermal innerwear.
  8. Undergarments.
  9. Warm socks.
  10. Gloves.
  11. Buff/neck warmer.
  12. Warm cap.
  13. Lightweight towel.
  14. Sunglasses.
  15. Sun cream.
  16. Medication / first aid kit.
  17. Dry fruits and nuts.
  18. Energy chocolate bars.
  19. Tissue rolls and wet whips.
  20. Portable charge.
  21. Sanitary pads (for women)
  22. Thermos bottle.
  23. Trekking poles.
  24. Crampon.
  25. Head torch.
  26. Sleeping bag.
  27. Fun games like Uno, cards, etc. 

This is only a normal packing list, for a detailed packing list make sure to check them. 

How Many Days Does it Take for a Short Annapurna Base Camp Trek from Pokhara?

Pokhara is the gateway for most of the trekking routes in the Annapurna region. So, starting the trek from Pokhara to Annapurna Base Camp is not a topic of surprise. Annapurna Base Camp from Pokhara and Short ABC trek are the same terms. 

Meanwhile, a new international airport has been established in Pokhara. It will be easier to start the Annapurna Base Camp trek from Pokhara. The trek from Pokhara consists of a 7-day itinerary. Below, we have provided an outline itinerary to ABC from Pokhara:

Annapurna Base Camp Short Trekking Suggested Itinerary 06 Days

Day 01: Fly Kathmandu to Pokhara (950m) – 25 to 30 minutes & drive to Samrong Khola (1790m)/ Siwai (1230m) via Nayapul (1010m) – 2 ½ to 3 hours & Trek to Chommrong (2140m) - 4 to 5 hours
Day 02: Trek Chommrong to Himalaya (2920m) - 7 to 8 hours
Day 03: Trek Himalaya to Machhapuchre Base Camp (3700m) - 3 to 4 hours, & visit Annapurna Base Camp (4130m) back to MBC- 3 to 4 hours
Day 04: Trek Machhapuchre Base Camp to Jhinu Danda (hot spring) (1780m) - 8 to 9 hours
Day 05: Drive Samrong Khola (1790m) at Jhinu Danda (Hot spring) to Pokhara (950m) -2 ½ to 3 hours
Day 06: Drive back to Kathmandu early in the morning by Tourist Bus - 6 to 7 hours or by taking a flight 20 minutes from Pokhara to Kathmandu, then your destination.

*Note: if you wish to make the changes during the trek, you can also discuss this with your Guide. The itinerary is quite flexible.

Are there other alternative Trekking routes available for Annapurna Base Camp?

Annapurna Base Camp trek has lots of alternative routes to join through. After Chomrong the trail is one-way to base camp following the Modi River. But to reach Chromong there are many optional routes to join with. 

As said above, ABC can continue from Ghorepani Poonhill trek, Khopra Trek, and Mohare Danda trek, on top of that after completion of trekking you can continue to other side treks to pristine villages like Sikles, Laung, Dhampus, and many more. 

Even some trekkers take the next step by continuing from Annapurna Base Camp from Annapurna Circuit. If you want a hardcore adventure in Annapurna then, the Annapurna circuit joins Annapurna Base Camp and finishes through Mardi Himal will be a perfect choice.


Annapurna Base Camp trek is a dream for many wanderlusts around the globe. But without any preparation, a slight mistake can ruin your dream to conquer ABC. So, this post is focused on how to prepare for your next trip to Annapurna. If this post was helpful, give us a kind review. Until next time. 

Karna Rana

Karna Rana


I hearty welcome to Nepal, known as the Kingdom of Himalayans, and the roof of the World “Mt. Everest.” Nepal has been named a Heaven on Earth and is a wonder in the Himalayan. It is the Shangri-La, a cultural Museum, the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha, and the country of the living Goddess “Kumari.”

I am Karna Rana Trekking Tour Operator and Mountain Guide, specializing in Trekking, Tour, Travel in Nepal, Hiking in the Himalayan and other Outdoor Activities, Peak Climbing, Expedition, Adventure Trekking, Rafting, etc. applying for my field expiring in 2000. Meanwhile, I have completed my Master’s degree in Rural Development (2016) from the Tribhuvan University of Kathmandu, Nepal’s leading educational institution. I have been applying my field experience in tourism, especially in remote areas of the country, for sustainable eco-tourism for local empowerment. I enjoyed writing my blog own word sharing my travel experience in the Himalayan, aiming to provide the right information and help to the Nepal Traveler.

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