Chitwan district is in the Narayani zone of Central Nepal. The name 'Chitwan' has several possible meanings, but the most literal translation of the two NEPALI words that make it up: chit or Chita (heart) and wan or ban (jungle), Chitwan thus is 'the heart of the jungle'. It has a tropical climate.

Narayangarh lies on the highway, while a few kilometers away lies the town to the corner of the other part of Bharatpur city, due to the previous king's son's anger with the politics of the citizens of the city. This bus terminal is however no longer in use following a successful people's movement in 2006. It is believed that Nepali leftist revolutionary leader Prachanda spent his childhood and youth in Chitwan.

The main attraction of the Chitwan district is the ‘Chitwan National Park’. The park is located 166km southwest of Kathmandu. The park sprawls across lushly forested hills and is home to a wide range of flora and fauna. Chitwan offers tiger and rhino spotting opportunities. It is one of Nepal's largest forested areas with a wide range of wildlife from the rare great one-horned rhinos to several species of deer, sloth bear, leopard, wild boar, freshwater dolphin, crocodile, different breeds of Elephant, and more than 815 species of birds. The elusive Royal Bengal Tigers also roam in the Chitwan jungle. Chitwan also offers a choice of different activities during Jungle Safari to its visitors such as excursions, nature walks, canoe trips, and jungle treks. The game called Elephant Polo originated from the Chitwan jungles.

Chitwan is a major industrial area of Nepal. It is also a major agricultural area. The lands in Chitwan are with soil-type clay which is very good for use as rice fields. Other popular cash crops in the region are maize and wheat etc. The soil there is also very good for growing various types of vegetables such as cabbage, cauliflower, radish, potato, broccoli, cucumbers, pumpkins, carrots, etc.