• Jan 5, 2021
  • Karna Rana

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Literally “Kalapatthar” means “Black Rock” in Nepali tongue; it is a composition of two different words Kala and Patthar. The most popular landmark Kalapatthar is situated on the southern ridge of Mt. Pumori in the Khumbu Himalayan Range and just above the Gorakshep. Sometimes people pronounce it as Kalapattar but to become clear it is Kalapatthar. This is the most famous viewpoint in the Khumbu region, from where can to see Mount Everest is the closest distance. 

Kalapatthar lies on the north of Gorakshep, gaining an elevation of 5,600 meters from sea level. Many people stay overnight in Gorakshep before and after the Base Camp visit and climb this peak from here in the morning. This is the most appropriate place in the area to have a closer panoramic view of Everest and other surrounding peaks, Khumbu Glacier, Icefall, and other sceneries. The trail from Gorakshep to the peak is about 1.5 km long and the height difference is about 400 meters. It takes about 2 to 3 hours of hard to ascend to reach the summit. About 100 meters above Gorakshep, a platform like topography develops along the trail. Here an astonishing view around the visitor including the view of Everest makes it worth the hard labor that was put to reach this wonderful place on the earth. Up to the platform the builders on the trail are mostly composed of granites possibly derived from the upper reaches of the Khumbu Glacier as moraine boulders.

As the trail goes higher, the view around becomes more and more impressive. The top of the Kalapatthar provides the ultimate view of the area including the Everest summit (8,848m) and many mountains.

Kalapatthar Highlights

Elevation (feet):             18,373 F

Elevation (meters):       5,600m

Continent:                       Asia

Country:                           Nepal

Range/Region:                Khumbu Himalaya Range in Central Region

Latitude:                          27.995517

Longitude:                       86.829262

Difficulty:                        Moderate to Strenuous

Walking Time:                2 Hours

Hiking From:                   Gorakshep (The last Tea House for Everest Base Camp Trek)

Best Season:                   Sep, Oct, Nov & Mar, Apr, May

Nearest Airport:           Lukla

What is the Best Time to Visit Kalapatthar?

In the western country, there are four seasons in a year; Winter, Spring, Summer & Autumn.  But in the context of Nepal, we have six different seasons additional two seasons on it, Pre-winter and Rainy Season. Spring (March, April, May) and Autumn (September, October, November) are great times to hike in the Himalaya including Kalapatthar or any other trekking region. The weather is pleasant nether neither hot nor cold during this time. Many festivals fall during the Autumn season, so you have a chance to see Nepalese culture and tradition and bestow amazing snow-capped Mountain View with blue sky. Spring is the best time for trekking, especially for the mountaineering expedition. The entire Expedition group for Mt. Everest and other areas chose the spring to climb due to a suitable time. The jungles of high Himalaya are full of Rhododendron and magnolia flowers in the spring.

Here is a chart of the 6 different seasons in Nepal.

S.N.  Name of Season in Nepali   Name of Season in English    Nepali Month               English Month
1.      Basanta Ritu (बसन्त)                Spring                                          Chaitra & Baisakh          Mar, Apr, May
2.      Grishma Ritu (ग्रिष्म)                 Summer                                      Jestha & Ashad              May, Jun, July
3.      Barsha Ritu, (बर्षा)                    Rainy                                           Shrawan & Bhadra         Jul, Aug, Sept
4.      Sharad Ritu (शरद)                   Autumn                                       Ashoj & Kartik                Sept, Oct, Nov
5.      Hemanta Ritu, (हेमन्त)             Pre-winter                                   Mangshir & Poush        Nov, Dec, Jan
6.      Shishir Ritu, (शिशिर)                Winter                                         Magh & Falgun              Jan, Feb, Mar

What is the best time of the day to visit Kala Patthar?

As you are coming long-long way from your home to see Mt. Everest once in your lifetime, it would be best to visit Kalapatthar any time in good weather. Most of the trekkers visit the Kalapattar in the morning but while the sun rising, the light makes the camera ant light while taking a picture. So, sunset is the best time for a magical view of Mt. Everest with different colors. Only you need to well prepare with warm clothes for the cold and walk in the dark.

Accommodation Facilities nearby Kalapatthar: Gorakshep (5,140m) is the last Tea House for the Everest Base Camp Trek and Kala Patthar Trek. There are more them four tea houses here, more than 400 people can accommodate in one night. Everest day after 4:00 PM, they put on fire in the chimney to keep dining hall worm. And they have a huge menu for the verities meals.

How far Kalapatthar from Lukla?

It takes 7 to 8 Days walking from Lukla to Kalapatthar including the 2 acclimatization days at Namche Bazaar and Dingboche. It is very complicated to measure exact distance by any gadget due to Geographic dissimilar structure. Generally, Lukla to Everest Base Camp is about 65 Km separately, while a complete EBC trek, would be 130km. normally, to calculate the distance it is batter to remember ‘the human walking speed is 5 km per hour”. Gorakshep is the only one landmark nearby Kalapattar. To get on top of the Kalapatthar from Gorakshep, you need to ascend 1.5 kilometers taking 2 to 3 hours walking. You can imagine, how it is easy to get on top.

Main Attraction of Kalapatthar:

The entire trail of Kalaptthar itself is amazing to experience walk in the Sagarmatha National Park World Heritage Site. Valuable Vegetation, endangered wildlife such as snow leopard and snowcapped mountain scenery, Sherpa Unique culture, sacred Buddhist sites, and Monastery are fascinating to the visitors. Especially, Khumbu Icefall, Khumbu Glacier, Glacier Marine, Glacier Lake, astonishing view of Mt. Everest, and many other mountain sceneries are key attractions of the Kalapathar. From the Kalapattar, you can see Mt. Everest Base Camp (5,360m) just below the Khumbu glacier and Khumbu Icefall. Kalapatthar is an amazing viewpoint surrounded by many mountains such as; Mt. Pumari (7,145m), Lingtren (6,695m), Khumbutse (6,623m), Changtse (7,550m), Nuptse (7879m), and especially top of the World Mt. Everest (8,848m) itself. The German surveillance firm Mobotix has set up the world's highest webcam at Kalapatthar in 2011 September to study Global warming.

Most popular trek in Everest Region:

  1. Everest Base Camp Trek -14 Days
  2. Everest Base Camp Trek and Fly Back Helicopter -9 Days
  3. Everest 3 Passes Trek -21 Days
  4. Everest Base Camp Trek -8 Days
  5. Gokyo Chola Pass Trek -19 Days

What is the elevation of Kala Patthar?

As Kala Patthar is the ridge of Mt. Pumori, sometimes people are confused about the summit of Kala Patthar.  But to easily recognize, you can see a colorful Buddhist Prayer flag on the top of the Kala Patthar. So, different people have measured their height differently. Most books and maps mention the Height of Kala Patthar as 5,545–5,550 m (18,192–18,209 ft). But Portland State University Assistant Professor Dr. Luis A. Ruedas measured the elevation of Kalapatthar as 5,600 meters/18,373 feet with a Garmin eMap GPS unit on 6 December 2006. And the next researcher a GPS with WAAS proved 2006 data of Dr. Luis A the summit at 27°59.751'N, 86°49.705'E (datum: WGS84) with an elevation of 5,644.5 m (18,519 ft).

How to get in Kalapatthar?

There are main two trekking routes for the Kalapatthar; first, drive from Kathmandu to Lukla via Salleri and Phaplu and Andheri Khola trek to the Lukla, and the second option is flying from Kathmandu to Lukla by regular flight, it is 25 minutes to 30 minutes short scenic flight. Then walk along the Everest Base Camp Trekking trail till Gorakshep and climb about two hours on the top of the Kalapatthar. If you don’t have such a long time holiday to see Mt. Everest from Kalapatthar, then you can fly 3 to 4 hours by Helicopter round trip from Kathmandu. Comparatively, the helicopter flight seems expensive but we can’t compare the value of Kalapatthar with Helicopter cost.  

Here is Kalapatthar Trek Itinerary:

Day 01: Fly from Kathmandu to Lukla (2,800m) -30 minutes, trek to Phakding (2,640m) 9 km -3 to 4 hours

Day 02: Phakding to Namche Bazaar (3,430m) 12 km -5 to 6 hours

Day 03: Day of acclimatization & Explore in Namche Bazaar and visit Khumjung Village (3,790m), Everest View Hotel (3,800m)

Day 04: Namche Bazaar to Tyangboche (3,867m) 12 km -5 to 6 hours

Day 05: Tyangboche to Dingboche (4,300m) 12 km -5 to 6 hours

Day 06: Acclimatization day at Dingboche

Day 07: Dingboche to Lobuche (4,930m) 12 km -5 to 6 hours

Day 08: Lobuche to Gorakshep (5,140m) 8 km - 3 hours & Everest Base Camp (5,364m) 8 km -2 to 3 hours

Day 09: Gorakshep to Kalapatthar (5,555m) 1.5 km -2 hours & Stroll back to Pangbuche (3,980m) 12 km-5 to 6 hours

Day 10: Pangbuche to Manjo (3430m) 10 km - 4 to 5 hours

Day 11: Manjo to Lukla (2,800m) 8 km- 3 to 4 hours

Day 12: Fly back to Kathmandu and enjoy the rest of the day. Then final Departure to your Destination.

If you require any further information, please feel free to contact Nepal Mother House. We are here for your assistance.


Karna Rana

Karna Rana


I hearty welcome to Nepal, known as the Kingdom of Himalayans and the roof of the World “Mt. Everest.” Nepal has been named a Heaven on Earth and is a wonder in the Himalayan. It is the Shangri-La, a living cultural Museum, the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha and it is the country of the living Goddess “Kumari.”

I am Karna Rana Trekking Tour Operator and Mountain Guide, specializing in Trekking, Tour, Travel in Nepal, Hiking in the Himalayan and other Outdoor Activities including, Peak Climbing, Expedition, Adventure Trekking, Rafting, etc. applying my field expiring since 2000. Meanwhile, I have completed my Master’s degree in Rural Development (2016) from Tribhuvan University of Kathmandu, Nepal’s leading educational institution. Now, I have been applying my field experience in tourism, especially in remote areas of the country for sustainable eco-tourism for local empowerment. I enjoyed writing my blog own word sharing my travel experience in the Himalayan, aiming to provide the right information and help to the Nepal Traveler.

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