Complete Guide To Everest Base Camp Trek For Your Lifetime Experience 2022, 2023

  • Aug 22, 2022
  • Karna Rana

Are you looking for Complete Guide to the Everest Base Camp trek for your lifetime best experience?

Here is the answer to the Best Guide Information for Everest Base Camp Trek.

Everest Base Camp Trek, you know the deal. It is acknowledged by the world as the best trekking spot. Hopefully, it might be your dream to follow the trail to Mount Everest. But are you completely ready before traveling?  Therefore, we are learning about the complete guideline before trekking.

Table of Contents

What is Everest Base Camp?

The base camp is the basic temporary tent site of the climber where they began the expedition of the mountain. The Everest Base Camp (South Col) is situated at the foot of Khumbu Icefall. It is no ordinary base camp, it is the base camp to the top of the world. 

Trekking to Everest Base Camp is not just normal hiking. The trek leads to the most iconic mountain-Mt. Everest. If you are reading this, for sure you want to seek the adventure that Everest offers. And yeah! It is waiting for you. 

Although Mount Everest has two base camps (in Nepal and China), the trekking route is only available in Nepal. So, we will be talking about complete tips and guidelines on trekking.

Without further ado, let's get right into the topic.

Everest Base Camp Trek Highlights 

  • Hike through Sagarmatha National Park.
  • Rewarding landscape and view
  • Namche Bazaar and Lukla - Sherpa towns
  • Tengboche Monastery
  • Kalapatthar viewpoint
  • The base camp of the world's highest peak.
  • Hillary museum at Namche Bazaar
  • Experience Sherpa culture, tradition, and hospitality. 

Everest Base Camp Trek Summary:

Highest elevation: 5,644 meters
Lowest elevation: 2,610 meters
Mount Everest height: 8,848.86 meters
Trekking distance: 125 Kilometers
Total days: 14 days

Everest Base Camp Height.

The height of Everest Base Camp is 5,340 meters. It is the southern base camp located in Nepal. The northern base camp is located in Tibet at a height of 5,200 meters.

Where is Everest Base Camp?

The southern Everest Base Camp is located in the Solukhumbu district, Province 1 of Nepal. Also, inside the Sagarmatha National Park. 

The Northern Base Camp is located in Tibet, near Rongbuk Monastery. The location where tourists visit is ‘Tourist Base Camp’ but the actual base camp for climbers is at the beginning of Rongbuk Glacier. 

How to go to Everest Base Camp?

Well! The northern Everest base camp has road access. Vehicles can go up to Rongbuk Monastery. Afterward, the travelers are required to hire horse carriage or small buses. This rule is implemented by The China Government to minimize traffic. 

On the other side, southern Everest base camp is possible by trekking or through a direct Helicopter tour. Mostly, travelers prefer trekking. Helicopter tours are more expensive. So, trekking can be an ideal choice. 

The trek starts from Lukla. It can take 6-9 days to reach the base camp depending on how you ascend. 

Moreover, Lukla has a couple of means of access that are by air or by road. It takes 30-45 minutes to fly to Tenzing-Hillary Airport, meanwhile, it takes whole days to reach Surke (village below Lukla) on the road by Jeep

Everest Base Camp Trek:

The trekking trail to Everest Base Camp is only regulated in Nepal. The trek starts with the scenic flight from Kathmandu to Lukla, Tenzing-Hillary Airport. Then, the trekking starts from the Lukla.

The trail passes through the famous Sherpa town, Namche Bazar. Tengboche, where the centuries-old monastery is located. As the trek goes further, it goes to upper settlements like Dingboche, Lobuche, and Gorakshep.

Normally, the trek consists of 11 days on a trekking route. In which 2 days are separated for acclimatization day. The trek gives an opportunity to hike through Sagarmatha National Park

Gorakshep is the last stop of the trekking route. It has access to both Everest Base Camp and Kala Patthar. One carries the history whereas another offers the panoramic view of the Mahalangur Himalayan Range, along with Mt. Everest. 

Everest Base Camp Trek Difficulty:

Everest Base Camp trek is neither hard nor easy. The difficulty level of the trek is moderate. Rapidly gaining altitude on the trail has led lots of trekkers to suffer from altitude sickness. Which has made travelers believe that the trek is hard.

If you try to finish the trek before 12 days, it might get hard. The trek itinerary is itself well-prepared in addition to acclimatization days. The itinerary is designed with the aim of a pleasant trek. 

The determination to conquer the base camp at the top of the world will eventually make your trek successful. So, make up your mind before trekking.

Not gonna lie, if you are provident and acclimatize as required then the trek is just a piece of cake.

Everest Base Camp Trek for Beginners:

Everest Base Camp trek can be fearsome for beginners. But with great preparation, you can be an expert in this trekking. If you are a beginner many things can be new to you. There might be a lot of things you should learn to adapt.

If you are a beginner hiker, you may think it can be a tough trek but there are other harder trekking routes.  Don’t get the wrong idea, sometimes the situation can get ugly. You should be concerned about altitude sickness. Don’t escape acclimatization day.

Take your time, walk at your own pace, acclimatize well, consume more carbohydrate foods, pack only essential clothes and gear, and hire a guide or porter/concerned local agencies.

Always believe in yourself. Keep in mind, that a strong mentality and being well prepared is the key to unlocking successful trekking. 

How about altitude sickness at Everest Base Camp?

Everyone should be conscious of altitude sickness on the Everest Base Camp trek. The case can be mild to critical. The normal condition can be cured while the critical condition needs health support or may need to be rescued. It has been the number one reason to screw up your trip. 

When you go to a higher altitude, the atmospheric pressure is relatively low as well as the oxygen level too. If you go to a higher altitude than you are used to living in, then altitude sickness can strike you.

The symptoms of High altitude sickness include headache, shortness of breath, loss of appetite, dizziness, nausea, loss of energy, and more. It is frightening but can be prevented. Acclimatization is the best prevention for altitude sickness. Also, staying hydrated and having a proper diet can be plus points. 

Everest Base Camp Trek Itinerary:

Normally, Everest Base Camp Trek is 14 days long from arrival to departure. However, the days spent in the trekking area are 11 days. 

But, the itinerary can depend upon the travelers. The days may vary from 10 to 15 days. Here, we have provided a common outline Everest Base Camp Trek Itinerary:

Day 01: Arrival in Kathmandu -1,400m.

Day 02: Fly to Lukla and trek to Phakding- 2,610m.

Day 03: Trek to Namche Bazar -3,430m.

Day 04: Acclimatization day | visit Khumjung village -3,790m.

Day 05: Trek to Tengboche -3,867m.

Day 06: Trek to Dingboche -4,410m.

Day 07: Acclimatization day | hike to Nangkartshang peak -5,121m.

Day 08: Trek to Lobuche -4930m.

Day 09: Trek to Gorak Shep-5140 | hike to Everest Base Camp -5,364m.

Day 10: Morning hike to Kala Patthar-5644m | trek to Pheriche -4,240m.

Day 11: Trek to Namche Bazar -3,430m.

Day 12: Trek to Lukla -2,800m.

Day 13: Fly back to Kathmandu -1,400m.

Day 14: Back home.

Everest Base Camp Trek Duration:

The normal duration of Everest Base Camp is 2 weeks. Also, it can depend on the trekkers. Sometimes it can be over 2 weeks and sometimes it can take less than 10 days.

On a daily basis, the duration of the walk is 5-6 hours on average. The shortest day of the trek can be 2-3 hours while the longest can take 7-8 hours of walk.

Everest Base Camp weather and climate:

The weather in Everest Base Camp is always unpredictable. And usually, it is cold all around the year. But the climate changes on Everest according to the season. 

It is always cold in base camp even in the summer season. In the winter season, the temperature can go below -20°C. Less air pressure and a low level of oxygen result in cold weather all the time.

Spring and autumn seasons are pinned as the best throughout the year. The sky is always clear and the view gets even better. But as said before, the weather is unpredictable. Anything can happen in the blink of an eye.

Everest Base Camp Trek Distance:

The trekking distance from Lukla to the base camp is 65 kilometers. The total distance covered by a trekker is around 125 kilometers (both ways). 

The distance from Kathmandu to Everest Base Camp is 155 kilometers.

Everest Base Camp Trek Map:

Everest Base Camp’s map is one of the easiest maps to read. Here we have a detailed map:

Everest Base Camp Elevation:

The elevation of Everest Base Camp is 5,364 meters (17,598 ft). The highest elevation of the trek is Kala Patthar at 5,644 meters (18,519 ft). Likewise, Phakding has the lowest elevation of 2,610 meters (8,563 ft). Here is the chart of elevation en route:

Best time to visit Everest Base Camp:

Among the major 4 seasons of Nepal. The best time to visit Everest Base Camp is in the Spring and Autumn season. It is the time when the weather gets pretty amazing and the sky gets clear. With the clear sky; the view gets more rewarding. 

The remaining two-season - The monsoon and winter seasons. In monsoon, it is all about rain and storms. Views are often blocked by clouds. In winter, the weather gets colder than in other seasons. Plus, snowfall makes trekking more complicated.

But, it does not mean that it is impossible to trek. For some reason, the winter season can be best because the crowd gets thinner in the offseason. Also, the sky gets clear in December. 

Everest Base Camp Packing List:

Everest Base Camp's packing list consists of fundamental equipment and gear like down jackets, warmer trousers, trekking boots, sunglasses, and many more. 

It would take a long to mention all of those packing lists. So we have made a packing list for Everest Base Camp Trek. Feel free to check it out. 

Everest Base Camp Trek Permits:

The trek requires a couple of permits. But like other trekking trails, it does not require a Trekker's Information Management System (TIMS) permit. 

Everest Base Camp trek requires two permits that are:

  1. Sagarmatha National Park Permit: the permit can be obtained from the Nepal Tourism Board office (Kathmandu) as well as from Monjo (Khumbu)at the entry of the park. It cost NPR 3,000 ($30).
  2. Khumbu Pasang Lhamu Municipality Entrance Permit: It can be only obtained from Lukla or Monjo. It cost NPR 2,000 ($20) per foreign traveler. It is a substitute for a TIMS card. 

Note: If you are trying to follow the classic trail from Jiri to Everest base camp, it requires another permit from the Gaurishankar Conservation Area. It can be obtained from the Nepal Tourism Board office, Kathmandu. For more details about the Trekking Permits fee in Nepal kindly go through the link.

The best Trekking route to Everest Base Camp:

There are multiple trekking routes to Everest Base Camp. If you want to have a short way then, the classic trail from Lukla (direct flight from Kathmandu) is the ideal choice. But if you want it long and discover more of Nepal, then there are other alternative routes too.

Everest Base Camp trek via Jiri is another famous trekking route. You can enjoy the beautiful scenery of Jiri but it can cost you an extra week to travel. Likewise, there is another route from Tumlingtar passing through the Arun Valley. Likewise, nowadays there is a Jeep available from Kathmandu to Thamdanda (4 to 5 hours of walking can get to Lukla) every day. So, if you are looking for an Everest trek without a Lukla flight then 14 Days Everet Base Camp trek by road would be best for you. This helps to reduce the trip cost, risk-free flight from weather conditions,s and have a chance to well acclimatization before getting to Base camp. 

And the remaining one is from Salleri to Everest Base Camp Trek. The trek starts with the long drive from Kathmandu to Surke via Okhaldhunga. The trail passes through Ringmu and Kharikhola then, to Lukla. 

Lukla Flight diversion to Ramechhap:

It is a rare case when the Lukla flight is diverted to Ramechhap (Manthali Airport). Especially in the peak season like October, due to heavy air traffic and ongoing construction of the TIA Domestic Terminal. 

In the case of a flight diversion to Ramechhap, you need to reach Ramechhap from Kathmandu and take a flight to Lukla. It takes around 3-4 hours to drive from Kathmandu to Ramechhap. From Manthali Airport it takes around 15-20 minutes to reach Lukla Airport. 

Accommodation in Everest Base Camp:

Have you ever wondered what accommodation looks like in the Everest region? You may be surprised by the quality of accommodation. Everest Base Camp has the finest accommodation. 

The bedrooms and dining hall are at the top of the game. Hotels are clean and the staff is well-groomed including great Sherpa hospitality. 

Remarkably, you can experience 5-star luxury service in the Himalayas. Yeti Mountain Home has been providing exclusive services. Likewise, Everest View Hotel is also targeting the same ambition. 

Furthermore, in case you are searching for budget hotels, there are numerous choices to choose from.

The rooms are usually twin rooms. If you want a single room, it is possible to get one in lower settlements. But as you go to upper places like Gorakshep and Lobuche, it can get hard to find one. You may have to share a room.

To be honest, the hotels in Lobuche and Gorak Shep have a pretty decent standard. Making a hotel at such an elevation is tough. Also, the number of hotels is limited too.

In peak season, you might have to sleep a night in the dining hall. But, you can take advantage because the dining hall is warmer than regular rooms due to the fire heater. 

Food and drinking water in Everest Base Camp trek:

The Everest region is the most developed trekking trail. The food service is also at its best. Namche Bazar and Lukla have one of the finest food and beverage outlets on the route. 

The renowned Irish pub is also franchised in the Himalayas. You can enjoy quality food and drinks along with the majestic view. Namche Bazar and Lukla have the best restaurant to fulfill your appetite.

Now, let's dive into the food that is available during your regular hotel stay. You can enjoy your favorite treat in Gorak Shep too. Every hotel has a wild variety of menus to choose from. 

Usually, foods are freshly made. You can have a wide option for typical Nepali food like Momo, Dal-Bhat, snacks, etc as well as continental foods like Sizzler, Spaghetti, Pizza, etc too. Avoiding meat products in higher places can be a wise choice. 

Talking about drinking water, you can find multiple safe drinking water stations throughout the route. One liter of water costs around $1 to $5 as it is expensive in upper places. Since the Khumbu authority has banned plastic bottles in the Everest region, you have to bring your bottle. 

Drinking water is highly recommended while trekking. You should consume 3-4 liters of water daily. And always stay hydrated. 

You can bring a water purification tablet because tap water is not reliable. Also, the bottle with a filter is very helpful during trekking if you want to save some bills. Boiled water is the best and safest water in the Himalayas (boiled water costs more than regular water). You can get boiled water in every hotel you stay in. 

Electricity and Wifi service in Everest Base Camp:

Everest Base Camp trek has electricity service to Gorak Shep (5,164 meters). Every place in the Everest region has electricity access. You can charge your mobile, power bank, or other portable devices but can cost extra.

Villages that are located at lower altitudes use hydroelectricity. Whereas, in the upper villages they rely on solar energy.

You can have Wifi service too. Now, you can connect to the world while spending quality time in the Himalayas. Everest Link has been providing wifi services. They sell two varieties of internet packages:

  • 10 GB - NPR 1999 ($18)
  • 20 GB - NPR 2999 ($26)

Both are valid for 30 days. It works throughout the route but the hotels should have an Everest Link connection. 

Likewise, they have another wifi package of 600MB with NPR 600 ($6) but only works in the respective hotels. 

Can you trek to Everest Base Camp Without a Guide?

Yes! You can trek to Everest Base Camp without a guide. The route is not confusing and is easy to follow. You don’t require a guide but it is recommended. Everything is uncertain in the Himalayas. Now, you can hire a guide and porter from Lukla also. 

The way is easy as well as well maintained. The way is overwhelmed by tourists and guides and porters. You can ask for directions without any hesitation. Generous people will be there for your help. 

As we said, everything is uncertain in the Himalayas. You should be alert about altitude sickness and food poisoning. Even minor injuries can be critical. So, a guide can be handy in those situations. 

Heli tour to Everest Base Camp:

Heli tour to Everest Base Camp is comparatively more expensive than regular trekking. Also, it is the fastest way to explore the Everest region. 

There are lots of helicopter tour packages to offer. Moreover, it can be customized as you wish. Among them, Everest Base Camp Trek and flying back by helicopter is the most preferred by travelers. You can check more details by clicking the link.

Furthermore, you can take a helicopter tour to Everest View Hotel. If it has to be a trek then it can take 3-4 days to reach there. But with the helicopter, you can reach your favorite spot in a few hours.

Everest Base Camp Trek Cost:

Everest Base Camp trek cost is pretty flexible. The price of the trek depends on the number of days and services you choose. Likewise, how much luxury you want on a trek can make a big difference. If you choose a normal package from local agencies it can cost around $1,200 to $1,600.

If you are FIT and love to travel independently then, you can complete the trek starting with $700. Similarly, if you want a high-end trek then it can cross over $4,500. If you book the Everest Base Camp Trek package in advance, then the cost will be cheaper. So, you can book a trek for Autumn (September, October, and November) in 2022 and the Spring season (March, April, and May) in 2023.

Is Everest Base Camp Trek worth it?

Everest Base Camp has the best trekking route along with the best panoramic view. The accommodation is the best as well as food services too. If you want to spend a couple of weeks on vacation with quality time, then yes Everest Base Camp Trek is worth visiting. 

Although, the only thing that can ruin your expectation is traffic created by humans. A large number of trekkers visit the route every year. Especially in the Spring and Autumn seasons. Mid-November to December (Early winter) is the best time to escape the crowd while the trekkers are less. 

Overall, Human traffic jams cannot stop visiting this beautiful destination. Have you ever considered visiting Everest Base Camp, give it a shot. It can be your lifetime experience.

Conclusion: 

We have talked about the detailed guideline of the Everest base camp trek along with some tips. We tried to make it short and include all the necessary information you are trying to search for. Hope our guideline was helpful to you. Let us know your opinion.

Ever thought of conquering Everest Base Camp, maybe we can help with that. We, Nepal Mother House, have been providing undeniable services over the decade. We are always here to help you. 

Karna Rana

Karna Rana

Namaste!

I hearty welcome to Nepal, known as the Kingdom of Himalayans and the roof of the World “Mt. Everest.” Nepal has been named a Heaven on Earth and is a wonder in the Himalayan. It is the Shangri-La, a living cultural Museum, the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha and it is the country of the living Goddess “Kumari.”

I am Karna Rana Trekking Tour Operator and Mountain Guide, specializing in Trekking, Tour, Travel in Nepal, Hiking in the Himalayan and other Outdoor Activities including, Peak Climbing, Expedition, Adventure Trekking, Rafting, etc. applying my field expiring since 2000. Meanwhile, I have completed my Master’s degree in Rural Development (2016) from Tribhuvan University of Kathmandu, Nepal’s leading educational institution. Now, I have been applying my field experience in tourism, especially in remote areas of the country for sustainable eco-tourism for local empowerment. I enjoyed writing my blog own word sharing my travel experience in the Himalayan, aiming to provide the right information and help to the Nepal Traveler.

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